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Appendix B


The following texts are the primary reference texts used in compiling the definitions of each of the Beautiful Names as presented on this web site:

The Most Beautiful Names, Sheikh Tosun Bayrak

The Ninety Nine Beautiful Names of God, by al-Ghazālī, tr by Burrell and Daher

Asmā' ul Husnā, the 99 Beautiful Names of Allāh, Bawa Muhaiyaddeen

Ninety-Nine Names of Allah, Shems Friedlander

The Meaning of the Names of Our Lord, Sidi Shaykh Muhammad Sa'id al-Jamal

Irshad, Wisdom of a Sufi Master, Sheikh Muzzafer Ozak al-Jerrahi

The Holy Qur'ān: Translation and Commentary by Abdullah Yusef Ali

The Holy Qur'ān: with English Translation and Commentary, by Muhammad Ali

Dictionary of the Holy Qur'ān, Abdul Mannān Omar... truly a precious gift to those who speak English, this magnificent dictionary translates every classical Arabic word used used in the Qur'ān into English, giving the Arabic root word followed by English translations of every form of that root which appears in the Qur'ān. This dictionary is easy to use, is relatively inexpensive and is based on classical Arabic.

An Arabic-English Lexicon, Edward W. Lane... an eight volume masterpiece of classical Arabic which includes plentiful examples of classical usage and the meanings of the words during the time period that the Qur'ān was revealed. Indexed by Arabic roots, with definitions in English.

A Dictionary and Glossary of the Koran, John Penrice... useful, but is said to occasionally rely upon somewhat less accurate references than the previously cited works by Lane and Omar.

Vocabulary of the Holy Quran, compiled by Abdullah Abbas al-Nadwi... the definitions are very brief and rarely cover the full breadth of meaning of the words.

Hans Wehr Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, edited by J.M. Cowan... this text is specifically addressed to modern, not classical, Arabic, yet it generally does a very good job of including the classical meanings of the roots.


The audio recitation of the Beautiful Names is by Nazir Shaheen, digitally edited from the SoundVision four-CD set 99 Names of Allah, which was originally broadcast on Living Islam from Chicago by Radio Islam.