We see in our daily life that the greatest friend of
the child is the one who helps him go to sleep. However
many toys we may give him, however many dolls and candy,
it is when the child is helped to go to sleep, that he is
most grateful. When the mother with her blessed hands puts
him to sleep, it is of the greatest benefit for the child;
it is then that he is happiest.
Those who are sick and in pain, are happy if they can
sleep; then all their pain is gone. If only they can sleep,
they say they can endure all else. They ask the doctor,
'Give us something, anything to make us sleep.' If you were
offered a king's palace and every enjoyment, every luxury,
the best surroundings, the best dishes, on the condition
that you should not sleep, you would say: 'I do not want
it, I prefer my sleep.'
What is the difference between the happy and the unhappy
one? The unhappy one cannot sleep. His sorrow, care, anxiety,
and worry at once take sleep away from him. Why do people
take to alcoholic drinks and drugs of all sorts? Only for
this: when a man has drunk alcohol, because of the intensity
of the stimulant, a light sleep comes over him. His feet
and hands are asleep, his tongue is asleep; he cannot speak
plainly; he cannot walk straight, and falls down. The joy
of this sleep is so great that, when he has drunk once,
he wants to drink again. A thousand times he decides that
he will not drink any more, but he does it all the same.
There is a poem of our great poet, Rumi, where he
says, 'O sleep, every night thou freest the prisoner
from his bonds!' the prisoner, when he is asleep, does
not know that he is in prison, he is free. The wretched
is not wretched; he is contented; the sufferer is no
more in pain or misery.
This shows us that the soul is not in pain or in misery. If
it were, it would also be so when the body is asleep. The
soul does not feel the misery of the body and the mind,
but when a person awakes, then the soul thinks that it is
in pain and wretched. All this shows us the great bliss
This great bliss is given to us without a price, like all
that is best: we do not need to pay for sleep. We pay thousands
of pounds for jewels, for gems that are of no use to our
life – bread we can buy for pennies. Man does not know how
great the value of sleep is, because the benefit it gives
cannot be seen or touched. If he is very busy, if he has
some business that brings him money, he will rather be busy
with that and take from his sleep, because he sees,
'I have gained so many pounds, so many shillings;' he does
not see what he gains by sleep.
When we are asleep we generally experience two conditions:
dream and deep sleep. The dream is the uncontrolled activity
of the mind. When we are awake and our mind works without
control, it shows us pictures that come from its store of
impressions, and we call this imagination; when we control
the activity of the mind, we call it thought. The imaginations
that come during sleep we call dreams. We do not call them
real, because our waking state shows us something different,
but as long as we are not in the waking state the dream
During the deep sleep a person is usually conscious of
nothing. When he wakes up, he feels refreshed and renewed.
What are we doing while we are fast asleep? The soul is
then released from the hold of the body and mind. It is
free, it goes to its own element, to the highest
spheres, and it enjoys being there. It is happy, it
experiences all the happiness, all the wisdom of those
spheres, it enjoys
all bliss and peace.
Besides the dream and the deep sleep there are visions. These
are seen when the soul, during sleep, is active in the higher
spheres. What it sees there, the mind interprets in allegorical
pictures. The soul sees the actual thing plainly, and the
mind takes from it store of impressions whatever is like
that which the soul sees. Therefore it is seen as a picture,
as an allegory, a parable which the wise one can interpret,
because he knows the language of those spheres. If he sees
himself going downstairs or walking up a mountain, he knows
what it means; if he sees himself in rags or very richly
dressed, in a ship, or in the desert, he knows what it means.
The ignorant one does not know what it means, he thinks
it is merely a dream, it is nothing.
In a vision a person sees either what concerns himself,
or what concerns others in whom he is interested. If he
is interested in his nation or in the whole of humanity,
he will see what concerns his nation or the whole of humanity.
In a dream a voice may be heard, or a message given in
letters. This is the higher vision. Sages and saints see
in the vision exactly what will happen or what the present
condition is, because their mind is controlled by their
will. Even in sleep it does not for one moment think that
it can act independently of their will. And so, whatever
the soul sees, the mind shows it exactly as it is seen.
Sages and saints see visions even while awake, because their
consciousness is not bound to this earthly plane; it is
awake and acts freely upon the higher planes.
Besides the dream, the vision and the deep sleep, the
mystics experience two other conditions: the self-produced
dream and the self-produced deep sleep. To accomplish this
is the aim of mysticism. It is so easy that I can explain
it to you in these few words, and it is so difficult that
I should like to bow my head before him who has achieved
it. It is accomplished by concentration and meditation.
Can you hold one thought in your mind, keeping all other
thoughts away? Can you keep your mind free from all thoughts,
from all pictures? We cannot: a thousand thoughts, a thousand
pictures come and go. By mastering this the mystic masters
all. He is awake upon this plane and upon the higher plane;
then the one becomes sleep and the other the wakeful state.
People may say that mystics, Sufis, are great occultists,
very psychic people. That is not their aim; their aim is
the true consciousness, the real life, the Consciousness
which lies beyond: Allah. When this consciousness is
open to them, then all wisdom is open to the soul and all
the books, all the learning in the world becomes to them
mere intellectual knowledge.
You might say, 'Then lazy people who are always sleeping
are all saints.' No, the soul also must have experience
on the earth. It must learn what virtue is, it must learn
to be virtuous.
By sleep we understand the covering of ourselves from
the world of which we are conscious, but we do not realize
that, when we are awake, we are covering ourselves from
another world which, in fact, is more real; it is the self,
which is covered. The difference between the sleeping and
the waking state is that, when we cover ourselves from what,
in fact, is real, we say, 'I am awake' and, when we cover
ourselves from what is unreal and illusion, we say we are
The reason for this is that in the state in which we
are conscious of all things around us we are able to point
to things about which we have no doubt. We recognize the
objects around us, therefore we say that we are awake,
and during the time of sleep we think we are dreaming, we
do not know where we are or what we are doing. In reality
that is the very time when we are experiencing our real
What does our real life consist of? Our real life consists
of natural happiness, peace and purity. By purity I mean
that our heart, our mind, our intelligence are pure from
all worries, anxieties, pains and tortures, from bitterness
or sweetness, such as we experience in the world. Otherwise
our heart reflects on these things all the time and accordingly
brings us suffering.
How valuable is the peace we obtain in sleep! We cannot
realize this until we long for sleep, which will not come.
At such a time we shall realize that everything we possess
in the world is worth sacrificing for the peace which sleep
brings and the happiness we experience then. All the pleasures
in the world afford only a glimpse of that happiness which
is within us, in our innermost being. In our everyday external
life that happiness is buried. If there is a time when happiness
is experienced by the soul, it is the time during which
we are asleep. The little happiness we experience in this
world is not real, but only a shadow which we call pleasure,
whereas, the true happiness which we experience by our natural
life we do not call happiness, for we do not know what it
is. Only its after-effects remain with us, and we feel happy
when we come to the wakeful state after having had a good
The peace we experience during sleep cannot be compared
with the peace we experience in the form of rest in a comfortable
chair or on a couch, in the form of material comfort at
home or elsewhere. The life we experience during sleep is
outside a wall, a prison wall; the pains and diseases of
this world are within the prison during this time. In the
waking state we are in the prison, our life is unhappy;
when fast asleep we are free. The moment sleep comes to
a person who is in pain and suffering all his disease is
left behind; at that moment he is above all suffering and
pain. This shows that during sleep we experience a life
which is beyond this mortal existence.
Although man experiences sleep every day, the never realizes
it as the greatest blessing of existence, until he suffers
from lack of it. Man disregards all natural blessings, and
not regarding them as blessings he remains discontented.
A person who can see the blessing which is in life itself
will be so thankful that whatever may be lacking in his
outward life will seem insignificant. The inner blessing
is so much greater, compared with what is lacking in the
outer world, that, indeed, there is no comparison between
All this shows that what develops a person and helps
him to advance along the spiritual path, should be sought
no further than along the natural lines of the mystery of
sleep. Once this mystery is solved, the deeper question
of the inner cult is solved as well. The explanation of
things is so near to us and yet, at the same time, it is so far
beyond our reach!
In Sufi terms there are five stages of consciousness:
Nasut, Malakut, Jabarut, Lahut,
Nasut is the consciousness which depends upon
senses. Whatever we see by means of the eyes, or hear by
means of the ears, whatever we smell and taste, all these
experiences which we gain by the help of the material body,
prove to us that this is a particular plane of consciousness,
or a particular kind of experience of the consciousness.
Malakut is a further stage of consciousness working
through our mental plane. By means of this higher consciousness
we experience thought and imagination – which are beyond
our senses. Very often it happens that a person does not
notice a passer-by, so deeply is he thinking upon some subject.
You may speak to him, but he will not listen, so deeply
is he absorbed in his subject. Though his ears are open
he cannot hear, though his eyes are open, he cannot see.
What does this mean? It means that at that moment his consciousness
is experiencing life on a different plane. Though he is
sitting before you with open eyes and ears, his consciousness
is on another plane, working through a different body.
The plane of Malakut is experienced by every person
not only when absorbed in thought, but also in dreams. While
the different sense organs are resting, the mind is free
to work, and it works with the aid of the same mechanism
which it has collected during the experience of the Nasut
condition. In other words, all the experiences which a
man gathers during the day are assembled during the night,
and the mind works with that mechanism; whatever has been
collected during the day is at work during the night. Therefore,
if a person has acquired an impression of fear, fear will
manifest itself in the dream in different forms; if a person
has acquired an impression of love, love will appear in the dream in various forms;
if of success, the dream
will show success in different forms. So the mind prepares
a cover for every impression that it receives, it prepares
an outward appearance for it. That is what accounts for
the meaning of dreams.
Suppose that a person goes to a wise man saying, 'I have
seen flowers in my dream. What will be the result of it?'
the wise man will answer, 'Love, happiness, success.' Why?
Because the wise one knows that the mind disguises itself
and the impression it receives into something beautiful,
when something beautiful is going to happen, and into something
ugly, when something bad is going to happen.
It is, however, not only so that the mind adorns itself
with a certain form in order to tell you that you are going
to have a good or a bad experience. There also is the natural
outcome of things, there is action and reaction: what we
take from the outer world is prepared in the mind, and it
reacts again in another form. This gives us a sort of key
by which we can understand what the next step will be. In
that form the dream is a warning.
There is no need to take it as a warning in a spiritualistic
form and to claim that a spirit, a ghost, or an angel came
to tell you the future. It is your own mind which disguises
itself as a spirit, a ghost or an angel, in whatever form
you wish it to come to you, or in whatever form you are
accustomed to. It will never come in a form strange to you,
such as you have never known; it will only come in a form
to which you are accustomed. For instance, if you were to
see a dog with wings, it would still be the form of a dog
with which you are familiar; only the mixture or combination
of forms is curious. Although wings are attached to the
dog, the form is not actually new; you are seeing something
which you recognize.
In the dream, the state of the mind has two different
aspects. When the mind is not expressive but responsive
and is not acting in a positive but in a negative rhythm, then
it becomes visionary. That mind is visionary which is apt
to catch the reflection of whatever other mind falls upon
it. Thus it may catch the reflection of a living person's
mind, or of a deceased person's mind, of a spiritually advanced
person, or of a very ordinary person. That mind lies open like
a piece of uncultivated ground, which a person may turn
into a farm or into a garden; in that soil he may sow seeds
of flowers or only seeds of thorns.
This accounts for people having different experiences
in their dreams from those they had in their waking life.
When people say, 'I learn something from my dreams, I am
inspired by them, I have received new ideas, new lessons
in my dreams,' it is because their mind was exposed to the
given impressions. However, a mind open to impressions in
this way may reflect a satanic as well as an angelic impression,
a wrong one as easily as a right one; it is open to whatever
comes into it. Such a person is likely to be led astray
as to be helped. The result, therefore, is only good as
long as the impressions to which the mind responds are good
What then is the way in which one can be sure to have
the mind focused upon good things, and so to receive only
good impressions? There are three considerations.
First, one must be able to keep all the ever-moving thoughts
away, which come into one's mind. One must develop that
mental strength, that will power that will keep all thoughts
away, which come into one's mind during concentration and
take one's mind away from the object on which one focuses
Secondly, the mind will always focus itself upon the
object, which it loves. If one does not have love for
the divine Being, for God, if one does not have that
ideal, then it will certainly be difficult, for it cannot be
done by the intellect. The person who only uses his intellect
keeps asking, 'Where shall I direct my mind, on what object
shall I focus it? Please, picture it for me, and point out
where it is.' It is the lover of God whose mind cannot wander
anywhere, save always directly to God.
Then, purity of mind is necessary. The mind must be pure
from all fear, worry and anxiety, and from every kind of
falsehood, for all this covers the mind from the vision
of God. When the mind, full of faith, love, purity and strength,
is focused upon the ideal of God, man will receive teaching,
inspiration, and advice directly and for every case he meets
with in life.
The simple teaching of all the religions during every
age, the essence of all religion and philosophy, is contained
in these words: Go and stand before God in simple faith,
being as a little child before God. At that moment you will
say, 'I know nothing, I have not learned anything, I am
only an empty cup waiting to be filled. I have only love
to offer You, and because my love is too insufficient, I
ask to be given more. I have only faith,
and yet that is insufficient; so I ask that it be strengthened
and developed so that it will be strong enough to hold me
before You. Purity I need, but I do not have it, or at least,
if I have it, it is only Your own essence which is within
my being, and I wish to keep it as clean as possible. With
these three things I come, as a simple child, with no knowledge
of my own, leaving aside all doubts and questions or whatever
can come between us.' Here is the essence of religion.
It is so simple that even a child could do it, should
he wish so. He does not need much learning to be able to
do it; once it is explained to him he will understand it.
We need not have learning or great intellectual knowledge
to be able to do it.
The next stage, beyond the plane of Malakut, brings
us to Jabarut, the plane of consciousness where the
experience is like that of a person in deep, dreamless sleep
– who is said to be sound asleep. The blessing here is
greater still. In this higher experience there is God's
own being through whom we experience the life, peace and
purity, which are within us. Moreover, whilst anyone may
experience this blessing during sleep, the person who follows
the path of spiritual development will experience it while
awake. Yogis call this state Sushupti. This joy of
life, peace and purity the mystic experiences with wide
open eyes, wide awake; others can touch it only during sleep.
A still further experience of consciousness is Lahut.
This raises a person from the material to the immaterial
plane. In this plane the state of being fast asleep is not
necessary. There is greater peace and joy, and nearness
to the essence which is called divine. In Christian terms
this state is called communion. In Vedantic terms it is
called Turiyavastha, and the further step to this
is called Samadhi which may no doubt be described
as merging in God. In other words, in this stage we dive
into our deepest selfhood; God is in our deepest self. In
this state we have the ability to dive so deep as to touch
our deepest being, which is the home of all intelligence,
life, peace, and joy, and where worry, fear, disease, or
death do not enter.
Hahut is the experience, which is the object of
every mystic who follows the inner cult. In Vedantic terms
this stage is called Manan; the equivalent in Christian
terminology is at-one-ment.
From these considerations it may be seen that the work
of the Sufi is to aim at ennobling the soul. When initiated
into the Order, we take the path of ennobling the soul –
there is no wonder-working, no communication with spirits,
no performing of miracles, no developing of magic or magnetic
powers, no clairvoyance or clairaudience, nor anything of
the kind. The one single aim is to become humane, to live
a healthy life, to try and better the moral conditions of
our life, to ennoble our character, and to meet not only
our own needs, but also those of our neighbors and friends.
Our work is to try and develop that spark which lies in
every soul, whose only satisfaction lies in the love of
God and in approaching towards God, with the intention of
one day having a glimpse of that truth that cannot be spoken
of in words.