THE QUESTION is always brought up: Is there a power which
rules the universe and controls all our actions, or are
we free to do as we please; is our situation the result
of our good or bad deeds, or are our actions and situation
governed by the influence of the planets?
In answer to this I will first mention what contradicts
each of these principles. If God makes us act then we are
not responsible; then it is all God and we have no responsibility.
If we are quite free then I will say that you are your own
well-wisher, and no one will be his own ill-wisher. Then
whatever you wish for – success, riches or whatever it is
– you will have it. It seems however that it is not so.
If happiness and good fortune were the result of good actions
then everyone would be good, and no one would be bad. But
we see that many very wicked people are very fortunate:
every day a wicked deed and every day a good fortune, while
many very good people are always unfortunate and in difficulties.
Christ and all the prophets and saints suffered great adversities.
If everything is the outcome of the influence of the
planets, then I will say that you should stay in your room
when there is a planet that is unfavorable to you; you should
do nothing. Also when there is a planet that is favorable
you should do nothing, because the planet will bring you
everything by itself.
Having told you the contradictions I will now tell you
the truth of each principle. There are four great powers
that govern the world: Qadr and Qaza, Jalal
Qaza is the power that governs the whole. For
instance the king governs the whole country, but power is
given to viceroys and to governors. The governor governs
a whole province, but power is given to a commissioner.
The commissioner governs his district; he knows more about
its affairs than the governor knows and the governor does
not interfere in his district. Each human being is given
a power: this is Qadr. In the same way a mother allows
her child to go as far as the end of the room, but no farther:
from here as far as the end of the room let it destroy as
much as it pleases, but not more than that.
When we see a wicked person very happy we may think,
'Has God forgotten him?' No, his jar is not yet full. When
it is overfilled it will flow over and bring destruction
to himself and those around him. Sometimes a very good person
is very unhappy in life, but when the jar of his good actions
is overfilled it flows over and brings happiness to him
and those around him. We have some power, but our action
is so limited; our power of seeing is so limited. We are
The forces of Jalal and Jamal are the creative and the
responsive forces. We are sometimes creative and sometimes
we are responsive. Jalal is creative, Jamal is responsive.
The singer is creative, the one who hears and enjoys is
responsive. All our troubles are owing to our lack of creative
or responsive power. If we are in a situation which is difficult
for us, which is hard, which we dislike, it is owing to
our lack of creative power to make another situation for
ourselves. When a situation, an opportunity would benefit
us and help us and we are not benefited, it is owing to
our lack of response. Everything in the world is creative
or responsive. The benefactor is creative, he who is benefited
But however interesting, however attractive these things
are, the name of God is much greater; without the study
of the name of God they are nothing. That is the only thing
that is great, the only thing that is beautiful, the only
thing of value, the only thing worthwhile.
Question: What gives the planets their influence?
Answer: The soul before its manifestation on earth
passes through the sun, the moon and the planets. As there
is only one sun and one moon each soul passes through sun
and moon. There are many planets and each soul passes through
one planet, not through all. This gives the soul an affinity
with a certain planet, and through this affinity the planet
has its influence upon the soul, upon the individual. There
are of course in man's life many other circumstances and
influences beside those of the planet, and the outer influences,
also man's will, may be stronger than the planet.
On its return journey the soul has also to pass through
the planet, the sun and the moon.